Imuran (azathioprine): side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more

Imuran (azathioprine) is a medication used to treat a variety of autoimmune diseases and to prevent organ rejection after transplantation. It is a purine antagonist, meaning it works by inhibiting the production of certain types of white blood cells, which are responsible for the body’s immune response. This drug has been used to treat a variety of autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis. It is also used to prevent organ rejection in organ transplant patients.

Active Ingredient and Synonyms

Imuran (azathioprine) is the active ingredient in this medication. Other synonyms for azathioprine include Azasan, Imuran, and Azamun.

Uses for Autoimmune Diseases

Imuran is used to treat a variety of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis. It works by suppressing the body’s immune response, which reduces inflammation and pain associated with these conditions. It is typically taken as a pill, but can also be injected into the muscle or vein.

Uses for Immunosuppression

Imuran is also used to prevent organ rejection in organ transplant patients. It works by suppressing the body’s immune system, which reduces the risk of organ rejection. It is typically taken as a pill, but can also be administered intravenously.

Side Effects

Imuran can cause a variety of side effects, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hair loss, and an increased risk of infection. It can also cause anemia, which may require a blood transfusion. It is important to talk to your doctor about the potential side effects of this medication.

In conclusion, Imuran is a medication used to treat a variety of autoimmune diseases and to prevent organ rejection after transplantation. It is an immunosuppressant, meaning it works by suppressing the body’s immune system. It can cause a variety of side effects, so it is important to talk to your doctor about the potential risks and benefits of this medication.

References:

1. “Azathioprine (Imuran).” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 7 Oct. 2020, www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/azathioprine-oral-route/description/drg-20068707.

2. “Azathioprine (Imuran).” Drugs.com, Drugs.com, www.drugs.com/mtm/azathioprine.html.

3. “Azathioprine: MedlinePlus Drug Information.” MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine, medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a682082.html.

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