Glucophage, also known as metformin, is a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. It is the most commonly prescribed diabetes medication in the United States. It works by reducing the amount of sugar that is absorbed from food and produced by the liver. It also helps the body respond better to insulin.
Glucophage is used to help control blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. It is usually prescribed in combination with lifestyle changes, such as exercise and a healthy diet.
Glucophage contains the active ingredient metformin. It is also available in combination with other medications, such as glipizide, glyburide, and pioglitazone.
Glucophage is also known by the following names: Glucophage XR, Glumetza, Fortamet, Riomet, Glucophage SR, and Glumetza SR.
Common side effects of Glucophage include nausea, diarrhea, headache, and stomach pain. It can also cause low blood sugar, which can be dangerous. It can also cause lactic acidosis, a rare but serious condition. People with kidney or liver problems should use this medication with caution.
It is important to talk to your healthcare provider about the risks and benefits of taking Glucophage. It is also important to follow the instructions for taking the medication and to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly.