Karela is used to treat a number of health conditions, including diabetes, high cholesterol, and digestive problems. It is also believed to have anti-cancer properties, as well as anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and anti-bacterial effects. It is high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and is a good source of antioxidants.
The history of karela can be traced back to India, where it has been used in traditional medicine for centuries. It was first described in the ancient Ayurvedic texts, and is mentioned in the Charaka Samhita, an ancient Indian medical text. In the Caribbean, it has been used to treat a variety of ailments, including diabetes, digestive problems, and high cholesterol.
Karela contains a number of active ingredients, including charantin, vicine, and polypeptide-p. Charantin is known to help reduce blood sugar levels, while vicine is believed to help lower cholesterol levels. Polypeptide-p is thought to help regulate blood sugar levels. Other active ingredients in karela include alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, and tannins.
Karela is also known by a variety of other names, including bitter gourd, bitter squash, balsam-pear, and balsam apple. It is widely available in markets and health food stores around the world.
Despite its many health benefits, there are some potential disadvantages associated with karela. It can interact with certain medications, such as antidiabetic drugs, and can cause upset stomach and diarrhea in some people. It is also important to note that karela should not be consumed by pregnant women, as it can cause uterine contractions.
Karela is a unique and nutritious vegetable that has been used in traditional medicine for centuries. It is high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and is a good source of antioxidants. It is believed to have a number of health benefits, including reducing blood sugar levels, lowering cholesterol levels, and helping to regulate blood sugar levels. However, it is important to be aware of the potential side effects and interactions with other medications.