Lariam is a medication used to prevent and treat malaria, a potentially fatal disease caused by a parasite. It is an antimalarial drug, which means it works to kill the malaria parasite in the body. It is commonly prescribed for people travelling to areas where malaria is common. Lariam is also known by its generic name, mefloquine.
The active ingredient in Lariam is mefloquine, which is a type of quinoline antimalarial. It works by preventing the malaria parasite from growing and multiplying in the body. It is usually taken once a week, starting one to two weeks before travelling to a malaria-endemic area. It is also usually taken for four weeks after leaving the area.
Lariam is generally well tolerated and has few side effects. Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, and loss of appetite. Less common side effects can include anxiety, depression, nightmares, and confusion. In some cases, severe side effects such as seizures and psychotic reactions have been reported. It is important to consult with a doctor before taking Lariam, and to inform them of any pre-existing health conditions.
In addition to mefloquine, Lariam also contains the inactive ingredients magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and sodium starch glycolate. It is available in tablet form and is typically taken orally.
Lariam is an effective medication for preventing and treating malaria. However, it is important to consult with a doctor before taking it and to be aware of the potential side effects. It is also important to follow the instructions for taking the medication as prescribed. With proper use, Lariam can be an effective way to prevent malaria.