Zyloprim (allopurinol) is a prescription medication used to treat gout and certain types of kidney stones. It is in a class of drugs known as xanthine oxidase inhibitors, which work by decreasing the amount of uric acid made by the body. Developed in the early 1960s, Zyloprim has been used for decades to treat gout and other conditions caused by high levels of uric acid.
Zyloprim works by inhibiting the enzyme xanthine oxidase, which is responsible for the production of uric acid in the body. By reducing the amount of uric acid produced, Zyloprim helps to reduce the risk of gout attacks, kidney stones, and other conditions caused by high levels of uric acid. It is also used to treat hyperuricemia, a condition in which the body produces too much uric acid.
The active ingredient in Zyloprim is allopurinol, which is also known by other names such as Aloprim, Allohexal, Allosig, and Allopur. Allopurinol is a white, crystalline powder that is odorless and tasteless. It is available in tablet form or as a powder for oral suspension. It is typically taken once or twice daily with or without food.
Zyloprim is generally well-tolerated, but side effects can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rash, loss of appetite, and headache. It can also cause serious side effects such as liver damage, kidney damage, and bone marrow suppression. People with kidney or liver disease should not take Zyloprim without first consulting their doctor.
Although Zyloprim has been used for decades to treat gout, it is not a cure for the condition. It can help reduce the frequency and severity of attacks, but it does not prevent gout from occurring. Additionally, Zyloprim is not recommended for people who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Overall, Zyloprim is an effective treatment for gout and other conditions caused by high levels of uric acid. It is important to take the medication as prescribed and to consult with a doctor before taking it if there are any concerns. With the right treatment plan, Zyloprim can help to reduce the frequency and severity of gout attacks and improve quality of life.